Research on internal alternative provision absence and exclusions

Privacy Notice

Information Sheet

Funded by the Education Endowment Foundation (EEF) and the Youth Endowment Fund (YEF), this study is led by NFER in partnership with The Difference.

School absenteeism and exclusion has the potential to impact on secondary students’ attainment as well on the likelihood of becoming involved in violence. Some schools are using internal alternative provision (IAP), such as the use of in-school inclusion units and nurture groups, to help prevent/reduce absenteeism and exclusion. Given the lack of evidence on IAP, the study will start with a scoping stage comprising expert interviews, initial case studies and a national survey of secondary schools. If successful in identifying different types of IAP for further study, the research proposes to examine the impact of IAP on exclusion and persistent absence.

Who can take part?
Participation is voluntary and open to all publicly-funded mainstream secondary schools in England.
All schools taking part in the survey will receive a tailored report placing their responses in the context of the overall national picture. Schools taking part in case-study visits will receive a contribution towards staff cover costs.

How will NFER use and protect the data collected?
No school or individual will be named in any report arising from this work unless we have their explicit agreement. Where necessary, school-level information will be shared between NFER and The Difference using NFER’s secure portal. Only anonymised findings will be shared with EEF or YEF and made available publicly in the final report. The Privacy Notice for the project is available here.

Who to contact?

For further information about this research, please contact the project team at